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Q1. - (Topic 1) 

Refer to the exhibit. 

What commands must be configured on the 2950 switch and the router to allow communication between host 1 and host 2? (Choose two.) 

A. Router(config)# interface fastethernet 0/0 Router(config-if)# ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)# no shut down 

B. Router(config)# interface fastethernet 0/0 Router(config-if)# no shut down Router(config)# interface fastethernet 0/0.1 Router(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1q 10 Router(config-subif)# ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0 

Router(config)# interface fastethernet 0/0.2 Router(config-subif)# encapsulation dot1q 20 Router(config-subif)# ip address 192.168.20.1 255.255.255.0 

C. Router(config)# router eigrp 100 Router(config-router)# network 192.168.10.0 Router(config-router)# network 192.168.20.0 

D. Switch1(config)# vlan database Switch1(config-vlan)# vtp domain XYZ Switch1(config-vlan)# vtp server 

E. Switch1(config)# interface fastethernet 0/1 Switch1(config-if)# switchport mode trunk 

F. Switch1(config)# interface vlan 1 Switch1(config-if)# ip default-gateway 192.168.1.1 

Answer: B,E 

Explanation: 

The two answers B and E list all the commands needed to configure interVLAN routing. Please notice that Cisco switch 2950, 2960 only support dot1Q trunking so we don’t need to specify which trunking encapsulation to use in this case. For Cisco switches 3550 or above we have to use these commands instead: 

Switch3550(config-if)#switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q Switch3550(config-if)#switchport mode trunk 

References: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk389/tk815/technologies_configuration_example09186a 00800949fd.shtml https://learningnetwork.cisco.com/servlet/JiveServlet/download/5669-2461/Router%20on%20a%20Stick.pdf. 


Q2. - (Topic 3) 

The output of the show frame-relay pvc command shows "PVC STATUS = INACTIVE". What does this mean? 

A. The PVC is configured correctly and is operating normally, but no data packets have been detected for more than five minutes. 

B. The PVC is configured correctly, is operating normally, and is no longer actively seeking the address of the remote router. 

C. The PVC is configured correctly, is operating normally, and is waiting for interesting traffic to trigger a call to the remote router. 

D. The PVC is configured correctly on the local switch, but there is a problem on the remote end of the PVC. 

E. The PVC is not configured on the local switch. 

Answer:

Explanation: The PVC STATUS displays the status of the PVC. The DCE device creates and sends the report to the DTE devices. There are 4 statuses: ACTIVE: the PVC is operational and can transmit dataINACTIVE: the connection from the local router to the switch is working, but the connection to the remote router is not availableDELETED: the PVC is not present and no LMI information is being received from the Frame Relay switch STATIC: the Local Management Interface (LMI) mechanism on the interface is disabled (by using the “no keepalive” command). This status is rarely seen. 


Q3. - (Topic 2) 

Which two statements about the OSPF Router ID are true? (Choose two.) 

A. It identifies the source of a Type 1 LSA. 

B. It should be the same on all routers in an OSPF routing instance. 

C. By default, the lowest IP address on the router becomes the OSPF Router ID. 

D. The router automatically chooses the IP address of a loopback as the OSPF Router ID. 

E. It is created using the MAC Address of the loopback interface. 

Answer: A,D 

Explanation: 

From the output of the “show ip ospf database”: r120#show ip ospf data 

OSPF Router with ID (10.0.0.120) (Process ID 1) 

Next, who are the other routers in our area? Router Link States (Area 1) Link ID.ADV Router.Age.Seq#.Checksum Link count 

10.0.0.111.10.0.0.111.600.0x8000023A 0x0092B3 1 

10.0.0.112.10.0.0.112.1246.0x80000234 0x009CAC 1 

10.0.0.113.10.0.0.113.148.0x8000022C 0x004399 3 

10.0.0.120.10.0.0.120.152.0x80000240 0x0046CB 1 This tells us there are four routers in Area 1. The router with RID 10.0.0.113 has 3 links in Area 1, every one else has only 1 link. Also the router will chose the highest loopback interface as its OSPF router ID (if available). 


Q4. - (Topic 2) 

What OSPF command, when configured, will include all interfaces into area 0? 

A. network 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.255 area 0 

B. network 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 area 0 

C. network 255.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 area 0 

D. network all-interfaces area 0 

Answer:

Explanation: 

Example 3-1 displays OSPF with a process ID of 1 and places all interfaces configured with 

an IP address in area 0. The network command.network 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.255 area 0.dictates that you do not care (255.255.255.255) what the IP address is, but if an IP 

address is enabled on any interface, place it in area 0. 

Example 3-1.Configuring OSPF in a Single Area 

router ospf 1 network 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.255 area 0 Reference: http://www.ciscopress.com/articles/article.asp?p=26919&seqNum=3 


Q5. - (Topic 1) 

Refer to the exhibit. 

Each of these four switches has been configured with a hostname, as well as being configured to run RSTP. No other configuration changes have been made. Which three of these show the correct RSTP port roles for the indicated switches and interfaces? (Choose three.) 

A. SwitchA, Fa0/2, designated 

B. SwitchA, Fa0/1, root 

C. SwitchB, Gi0/2, root 

D. SwitchB, Gi0/1, designated 

E. SwitchC, Fa0/2, root 

F. SwitchD, Gi0/2, root 

Answer: A,B,F 

Explanation: 

The question says "no other configuration changes have been made" so we can 

understand these switches have the same bridge priority. SwitchC has lowest MAC 

address so, it will become root bridge and 2 of its ports (Fa0/1 & Fa0/2) will be designated 

ports (DP). Because SwitchC is the root bridge the 2 ports nearest SwitchC on SwitchA 

(Fa0/1) and SwitchD (Gi0/2) will be root ports (RP) -> B and F are correct. 

SwitchB must have a root port so which port will it choose? To answer this question we 

need to know about STP cost and port cost. 

In general, "cost" is calculated based on bandwidth of the link. The higher the bandwidth on 

a link, the lower the value of its cost. Below are the cost values you should memorize: 

Link speed Cost SwitchB will choose the interface with lower cost to the root bridge as the root port so we must calculate the cost on interface Gi0/1 & Gi0/2 of SwitchB to the root bridge. This can be calculated from the "cost to the root bridge" of each switch because a switch always advertises its cost to the root bridge in its BPDU. The receiving switch will add its local port cost value to the cost in the BPDU. SwitchC advertises its cost to the root bridge with a value of 0. Switch D adds 4 (the cost value of 1Gbps link) and advertises this value (4) to SwitchB. SwitchB adds another 4 and learns that it can reach SwitchC via Gi0/1 port with a total cost of 8. The same process happens for SwitchA and SwitchB learns that it can reach SwitchC via Gi0/2 with a total cost of 23 -> Switch B chooses Gi0/1 as its root port. Now our last task is to identify the port roles of the ports between SwitchA & SwitchB. It is rather easy as the MAC address of SwitchA is lower than that of SwitchB so Fa0/2 of SwitchA will be designated port while Gi0/2 of SwitchB will be alternative port. 


Q6. - (Topic 1) 

Which two of these statements regarding RSTP are correct? (Choose two.) 

A. RSTP cannot operate with PVST+. 

B. RSTP defines new port roles. 

C. RSTP defines no new port states. 

D. RSTP is a proprietary implementation of IEEE 802.1D STP. 

E. RSTP is compatible with the original IEEE 802.1D STP. 

Answer: B,E 

Explanation: 

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk389/tk621/technologies_white_paper09186a0080094cf a.shtml 

Port Roles The role is now a variable assigned to a given port. The root port and designated port roles remain, while the blocking port role is split into the backup and alternate port roles. The Spanning Tree Algorithm (STA) determines the role of a port based on Bridge Protocol Data Units (BPDUs). In order to simplify matters, the thing to remember about a BPDU is there is always a method to compare any two of them and decide whether one is more useful than the other. This is based on the value stored in the BPDU and occasionally on the port on which they are received. This considered, the information in this section explains practical approaches to port roles. 

Compatibility with 802.1D RSTP is able to interoperate with legacy STP protocols. However, it is important to note that the inherent fast convergence benefits of 802.1w are lost when it interacts with legacy bridges. 


Q7. DRAG DROP - (Topic 2) 

Answer: 

Explanation: 

Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) is a Cisco proprietary routing protocol, so it is vendor-specific. By default, EIGRP internal routes have an administrative distance value of 90. OSPF uses cost as its metric. By default, the cost of an interface is calculated based on bandwidth with the formula cost= 10000 0000/bandwidth (in bps). OSPF elects a DR on each broadcast and nonbroadcast multiaccess networks (like Ethernet and Frame Relay environments, respectively). It doesn’t elect a DR on point-to-point link (like a serial WAN). 


Q8. - (Topic 3) 

Which encapsulation type is a Frame Relay encapsulation type that is supported by Cisco routers? 

A. IETF 

B. ANSI Annex D 

C. Q9333-A Annex A 

D. HDLC 

Answer:

Explanation: Cisco supports two Frame Relay encapsulation types: the Cisco encapsulation and the IETF Frame Relay encapsulation, which is in conformance with RFC 1490 and RFC 2427. The former is often used to connect two Cisco routers while the latter is used to connect a Cisco router to a non-Cisco router. You can test with your Cisco router when typing the command Router(config-if)#encapsulation frame-relay ? on a WAN link. Note: Three LMI options are supported by Cisco routers are ansi, Cisco, and Q933a. They represent the ANSI Annex D, Cisco, and ITU Q933-A (Annex A) LMI types, respectively. HDLC is a WAN protocol same as Frame-Relay and PPP so it is not a Frame Relay encapsulation type. 


Q9. - (Topic 3) 

Which protocol is an open standard protocol framework that is commonly used in VPNs, to provide secure end-to-end communications? 

A. RSA 

B. L2TP 

C. IPsec 

D. PPTP 

Answer:

Explanation: 

Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) is a technology protocol suite for securing Internet Protocol (IP) communications by authenticating and/or encrypting each IP packet of a communication session. IPsec also includes protocols for establishing mutual authentication between agents at the beginning of the session and negotiation of cryptographic keys to be used during the session. 


Q10. - (Topic 3) 

The command show frame-relay map gives the following output: 

Serial 0 (up): ip 192.168.151.4 dlci 122, dynamic, broadcast, status defined, active 

Which statements represent what is shown?(Choose three.) 

A. 192.168.151.4 represents the IP address of the remote router 

B. 192.168.151.4 represents the IP address of the local serial interface 

C. DLCI 122 represents the interface of the remote serial interface 

D. DLCI 122 represents the local number used to connect to the remote address 

E. broadcast indicates that a dynamic routing protocol such as RIP v1 can send packets across this PVC 

F. active indicates that the ARP process is working 

Answer: A,D,E 

Explanation: 

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2/wan/command/reference/wrffr4.html#wp102934