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Q51. - (Topic 2) 

Which two statements describe the process identifier that is used in the command to configure OSPF on a router? (Choose two.) 

Router(config)# router ospf 1 

A. All OSPF routers in an area must have the same process ID. 

B. Only one process number can be used on the same router. 

C. Different process identifiers can be used to run multiple OSPF processes 

D. The process number can be any number from 1 to 65,535. 

E. Hello packets are sent to each neighbor to determine the processor identifier. 

Answer: C,D 

Explanation: 

The areas can be any number from 0 to 4.2 billion and 1 to 65,535 for the Process ID. The process ID is the ID of the OSPF process to which the interface belongs. The process ID is local to the router, and two OSPF neighboring routers can have different OSPF process IDs. (This is not true of Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol [EIGRP], in which the routers need to be in the same autonomous system). Cisco IOS Software can run multiple OSPF processes on the same router, and the process ID merely distinguishes one process from the other. The process ID should be a positive integer. 


Q52. - (Topic 2) 

Refer to the exhibit. 

A packet with a source IP address of 192.168.2.4 and a destination IP address of 10.1.1.4 arrives at the AcmeB router. What action does the router take? 

A. forwards the received packet out the Serial0/0 interface 

B. forwards a packet containing an EIGRP advertisement out the Serial0/1 interface 

C. forwards a packet containing an ICMP message out the FastEthemet0/0 interface 

D. forwards a packet containing an ARP request out the FastEthemet0/1 interface 

Answer: C Explanation: 

CCNA - EIGRP Common Question http://www.orbitco-ccna-pastquestions.com/CCNA---EIGRP-Common-Question.php 

Looking at the output above, there is no IP route for 10.1.1.4 address on AcmeB routing table. If the router can no find a specific path in its routing table to a particular route,( In this case no path is found so AcmeB) the router will inform the source host with an ICMP message that the destination is unreachable and this will be through the same interface it has received the packet (interface Fa0/0 network 192.168.3.0/28 from the exhibit). 

Topic 3, WAN Technologies 


Q53. - (Topic 3) 

Which command is used to enable CHAP authentication, with PAP as the fallback method, on a serial interface? 

A. Router(config-if)# ppp authentication chap fallback ppp 

B. Router(config-if)# ppp authentication chap pap 

C. Router(config-if)# authentication ppp chap fallback ppp 

D. Router(config-if)# authentication ppp chap pap 

Answer:

Explanation: 

The command “ppp authentication chap pap” command indicates the CHAP authentication is used first. If it fails or is rejected by other side then uses PAP instead. If you want to use PAP first (then CHAP) you can use the “ppp authentication pap chap” command 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2/security/configuration/guide/scfathen.html 


Q54. - (Topic 2) 

Refer to the exhibit. 

C-router is to be used as a "router-on-a-stick" to route between the VLANs. All the interfaces have been properly configured and IP routing is operational. The hosts in the VLANs have been configured with the appropriate default gateway. What is true about this configuration? 

A. These commands need to be added to the configuration: C-router(config)# router eigrp 123 C-router(config-router)# network 172.19.0.0 

B. These commands need to be added to the configuration: C-router(config)# router ospf 1 C-router(config-router)# network 172.19.0.0 0.0.3.255 area 0 

C. These commands need to be added to the configuration: C-router(config)# router rip C-router(config-router)# network 172.19.0.0 

D. No further routing configuration is required. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk389/tk815/technologies_configuration_example09186a 00800949fd.shtml https://learningnetwork.cisco.com/servlet/JiveServlet/download/5669-2461/Router%20on%20a%20Stick.pdf. 


Q55. DRAG DROP - (Topic 2) 

Answer: Explanation: 

poison reverse: A router learns from its neighbor that a route is down and the router sends an update back to the neighbor with an infinite metric to that routeLSA: The packets flooded when a topology change occurs, causing network routers to update their topological databases and recalculate routes split horizon: This prevents sending information about a routeback out the same interface that originally learned about the route holddown timer: For a given period, this causes the router to ignore any updates with poorer metrics to a lost network 

The internetwork infrastructure of company XYZ consists of a single OSPF area as shown in the graphic. There is concern that a lack of router resources is impeding internetwork performance. As part of examining the router resources, the OSPF DRs need to be known. All the router OSPF priorities are at the default and the router IDs are shown with each router. 

Which routers are likely to have been elected as DR? (Choose two.) 

A. Corp-1 

B. Corp-2 

C. Corp-3 

D. Corp-4 

E. Branch-1 

F. Branch-2 

Answer: D,F 

Explanation: There are 2 segments on the topology above which are separated by Corp-3 router. Each segment will have a DR so we have 2 DRs. 

To select which router will become DR they will compare their router-IDs. The router with highest (best) router-ID will become DR. The router-ID is chosen in the order below: 

The highest IP address assigned to a loopback (logical) interface. 

If a loopback interface is not defined, the highest IP address of all active router’s physical interfaces will be chosen. 

In this question, the IP addresses of loopback interfaces are not mentioned so we will consider IP addresses of all active router’s physical interfaces. Router Corp-4 (10.1.40.40) & Branch-2 (10.2.20.20) have highest “active” IP addresses so they will become DRs. 


Q56. - (Topic 2) 

Refer to the exhibit. 

The Lakeside Company has the internetwork in the exhibit. The administrator would like to reduce the size of the routing table on the Central router. Which partial routing table entry in the Central router represents a route summary that represents the LANs in Phoenix but no additional subnets? 

A. 10.0.0.0/22 is subnetted, 1 subnets D 10.0.0.0 [90/20514560] via 10.2.0.2, 6w0d, Serial0/1 

B. 10.0.0.0/28 is subnetted, 1 subnets D 10.2.0.0 [90/20514560] via 10.2.0.2, 6w0d, Serial0/1 

C. 10.0.0.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets D 10.2.2.0 [90/20514560] via 10.2.0.2, 6w0d, Serial0/1 

D. 10.0.0.0/22 is subnetted, 1 subnets D 10.4.0.0 [90/20514560] via 10.2.0.2, 6w0d, Serial0/1 

E. 10.0.0.0/28 is subnetted, 1 subnets D 10.4.4.0 [90/20514560] via 10.2.0.2, 6w0d, Serial0/1 

F. 10.0.0.0/30 is subnetted, 1 subnets D 10.4.4.4 [90/20514560] via 10.2.0.2, 6w0d, Serial0/1 

Answer:

Explanation: 

All the above networks can be summarized to 10.0.0.0 network but the question requires to “represent the LANs in Phoenix but no additional subnets” so we must summarized to 

10.4.0.0 network. The Phoenix router has 4 subnets so we need to “move left” 2 bits of “/24-> /22 is the best choice - D is correct. 


Q57. - (Topic 3) 

Refer to the exhibit. 

Which statement describes DLCI 17? 

A. DLCI 17 describes the ISDN circuit between R2 and R3. 

B. DLCI 17 describes a PVC on R2. It cannot be used on R3 or R1. 

C. DLCI 17 is the Layer 2 address used by R2 to describe a PVC to R3. 

D. DLCI 17 describes the dial-up circuit from R2 and R3 to the service provider. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

DLCI stands for Data Link Connection Identifier. DLCI values are used on Frame Relay interfaces to distinguish between different virtual circuits. DLCIs have local significance because, the identifier references the point between the local router and the local Frame Relay switch to which the DLCI is connected. 


Q58. - (Topic 3) 

Which two statements about using the CHAP authentication mechanism in a PPP link are true? (Choose two.) 

A. CHAP uses a two-way handshake. 

B. CHAP uses a three-way handshake. 

C. CHAP authentication periodically occurs after link establishment. 

D. CHAP authentication passwords are sent in plaintext. 

E. CHAP authentication is performed only upon link establishment. 

F. CHAP has no protection from playback attacks. 

Answer: B,C 

Explanation: 

Understanding and Configuring PPP CHAP Authentication http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk713/tk507/technologies_tech_note09186a00800b4131. shtml 

One-Way and Two-Way Authentication CHAP is defined as a one-way authentication method. However, you use CHAP in both directions to create a two-way authentication. Hence, with two-way CHAP, a separate three-way handshake is initiated by each side. In the Cisco CHAP implementation, by default, the called party must authenticate the calling party (unless authentication is completely turned off). Therefore, a one-way authentication initiated by the called party is the minimum possible authentication. However, the calling party can also verify the identity of the called party, and this results in a two-way authentication. One-way authentication is often required when you connect to non-Cisco devices. 


Q59. - (Topic 1) 

Refer to the exhibit 

Which switch provides the spanning-tree designated port role for the network segment that services the printers? 

A. Switch1 

B. Switch2 

C. Switch3 

D. Switch4 

Answer:

Explanation: 

First, the question asks what switch services the printers, so it can be Switch 3 or Switch 4 

which is connected directly to the Printers. 

Designated port is a port that is in the forwarding state. All ports of the root bridge are 

designated ports. 

Switch 3 and Switch 4 has same priority so it will see on lowest MAC address and here 

switch 3 has lowest MAC address. So switch 3 segment will play a Designated port role. 

By comparing the MAC address of Switch 3 and Switch 4 we found that the MAC of Switch 

3 is smaller. Therefore the interface connected to the Printers of Switch 3 will become 

designated interface and the interface of Switch 4 will be blocked. 


Q60. - (Topic 2) 

Which statement is true, as relates to classful or classless routing? 

A. Classful routing protocols send the subnet mask in routing updates. 

B. RIPv1 and OSPF are classless routing protocols. 

C. Automatic summarization at classful boundaries can cause problems on discontiguous subnets. 

D. EIGRP and OSPF are classful routing protocols and summarize routes by default. 

Answer:

Explanation: http://www.ciscopress.com/articles/article.asp?p=174107&seqNum=3 

RIPv1, RIPv2, IGRP, and EIGRP all auto-summarize classful boundaries by default (OSPF does not).To make discontiguous networks work, meaning you don't want classful boundries to summarize, you need to turn off auto-summary.